Doberman Pinschers were first bred in the town of Apolda, in the German state of Thuringia around 1890, following the Franco-Prussian War by Karl Friedrich Louis
Dobermann. Dobermann served in the dangerous role of local tax collector, and ran the Apolda dog pound. With access to dogs of many breeds, he aimed to create a breed that
would be ideal for protecting him during his collections, which took him through many bandit-infested areas. He set out to breed a new type of dog that, in his opinion, would be
the perfect combination of strength, speed, endurance, loyalty, intelligence, and ferocity. Later, Otto Goeller and Philip Gruening continued to develop the breed to become the dog
that is seen today.

                                                                                                                                                  Dobermann Pinscher Portrait 1909                                                                                                            


Above is a photo of the WAR DOG MEMORIAL, a full life-sized statue made of bronze and on the island of Guam in the South Pacific.  This is in honour of our war dogs.  Fourteen dogs
were killed in action and many other perished from exhaustion, anemia from hookworm, tropical illnesses, heat stroke and accidents. . .All of which are buried in Guam in what is now
known as the first war dog  memorial (Created by former 1st   Lt. William W. Putney, who was the Veterinarian for the military dogs on Guam.)  The Statue "ALWAYS FAITHFUL" was
created by Susan Bahary.

Kennel club standards describe Doberman Pinschers as dogs of medium-large size with a square build and short coat. They are compactly built and athletic with
endurance and swiftness. The Doberman Pinscher should have a proud, watchful, determined, and obedient temperament. The dog was originally intended as a guard
dog, so males should have a masculine, muscular, noble appearance. Females are thinner, but should not be spindly.

Size and proportions
The Doberman is a dog of medium large size. Although the breed standards vary among kennel and breed clubs, according to the FCI standard the dog typically stands
between 68 to 72 centimetres (27 to 28 in),and The Kennel Club in the UK quote 69 centimetres (27 in) as being ideal;the female is typically somewhere between 63 to 68
centimetres (25 to 27 in),65 centimetres (26 in) being ideal. The Doberman has a square frame: its length should equal its height to the withers, and the length of its
head, neck and legs should be in proportion to its body. European lines, particularly those from the former Yugoslavia and former Soviet Union, tend to be larger than
those in North America.
There are no standards for the weight of the Doberman Pinscher except as given in the standard used by the FCI. The ideal dog must have sufficient size for an optimal
combination of strength, endurance and agility. The male generally weighs between 40–45 kilograms (88–99 lb)and the female between 32–35 kilograms (71–77 lb).

            Traditional black Doberman Pinscher with cropped ears                                    Red Doberman Pinscher                                                                           one black and one blue Doberman Pinscher


Two different color genes exist in the Doberman, one for black (B) and one for color dilution (D). There are nine possible combinations of these alleles (BBDD, BBDd,
BbDD, BbDd, BBdd, Bbdd, bbDD, bbDd, bbdd), which result in four different color phenotypes: black, red, blue, and fawn (Isabella).The traditional and most
common color occurs when both the color and dilution genes have at least one dominant allele (i.e., BBDD, BBDd, BbDD or BbDd), and is commonly referred to as
black or black and rust (also called black and tan). The red, red rust or brown coloration occurs when the black gene has two recessive alleles but the dilution gene has
at least one dominant allele (i.e., bbDD, bbDd). "Blue" and "fawn" are controlled by the color dilution gene. The blue Doberman has the color gene with at least one
dominant allele and the dilution gene with both recessive alleles (i.e., BBdd or Bbdd). The fawn (Isabella) coloration is the least common, occurring only when both the
color and dilution genes have two recessive alleles (i.e., bbdd). Thus, the blue color is a diluted black, and the fawn color is a diluted red.
Expression of the color dilution gene is a disorder called Color Dilution Alopecia. Although not life threatening, these dogs can develop skin problems.

In 1976, a "white" Doberman Pinscher was whelped,and was subsequently bred to her son, who was also bred to his litter sisters. This tight inbreeding continued for
some time to allow the breeders to "fix" the mutation. White Dobermans are a cream color with pure white markings and icy blue eyes. Although this is consistent with
albinism, the proper characterization of the mutation is currently unknown. The animals are commonly known as tyrosinase-positive albinoids, lacking melanin in
oculocutaneous structures.This condition is caused by a partial deletion in gene SLC45A2.


Doberman Pinscher puppies
Although they are considered to be working dogs, Doberman Pinschers are often stereotyped as being ferocious and aggressive. As a personal protection dog, the
Doberman was originally bred for these traits: it had to be large and intimidating, fearless, and willing to defend its owner, but sufficiently obedient and restrained to
only do so on command. These traits served the dog well in its role as a personal defense dog, police dog, or war dog, but were not ideally adapted to a companionship
role. The Doberman Pinscher's aggression has been toned down by modern breeders over the years, and today's Dobermans are known for a much more even and good
natured temperament, extreme loyalty, high intelligence, and great trainability. In fact, the Doberman Pinscher's size, short coat, and intelligence have made it a
desirable house dog. The Doberman Pinscher is known to be energetic, watchful, fearless and obedient.

They can easily learn to 'Respect and Protect' their owners, and are therefore considered to be excellent guard dogs that protect their loved ones. They are generally
sociable toward humans and can be with other dogs. However, Dobermans rank among the more-likely breeds to show aggressive behaviour toward strangers and other
dogs, but not among the most likely to do so. They are very unlikely to show aggressive behaviour toward their owners.

There is evidence that Doberman Pinschers in North America have a calmer and more even temperament than their European counterparts because of the breeding
strategies employed by American breeders. Because of these differences in breeding strategies, different lines of Doberman Pinschers have developed different traits.
Although many contemporary Doberman Pinschers in North America are gentle and friendly to strangers, some lines are bred more true to the original personality

A 501(C)(3) corporation Dedicated to finding permanent and loving homes for  unwanted,
neglected,and/or abused Doberman Pinscher dogs.

Doberman Pinscher Rescue
& Referral of Michigan
Doberman Pinscher History and Facts.